Bujumbura – Protesters opposed to Burundian President Pierre Nkurunziza called for him to step down Tuesday, defying warnings to end weeks of demonstrations as security forces tried to restore order after a failed coup.
“We cannot stop the protests, because President Nkurunziza has not withdrawn his candidacy,” said Bernard, a 34-year old unemployed man. But he also admitted that the “numbers of protesters were diminishing because people fear the bullets… we’ve started to see soldiers firing to intimidate the population.”
Small groups gathered in the capital Bujumbura chanting, “no to violence!”, although others gathered up piles of stones, apparently in case of attack by security forces.
At least 20 people died in over two weeks of street battles with security forces before the demonstrations ended when generals launched a failed coup attempt last week.
Nkurunziza has been accused by rights groups of launching a campaign of repression against opponents and trying to silence independent media since coup leaders admitted defeat on Friday after fierce fighting with loyalist troops.
But the presidency dismissed such claims on Tuesday, saying it would never carry out “revenge” raids and promising fair trials for those arrested.
“Those involved in the shameful attempt to overthrow legitimate institutions will be arrested and prosecuted by the courts, and only by them – and it will be up to them to fix the punishment, as prescribed by law,” a statement read.
Almost a week on since the coup attempt led by a top general – which saw soldiers battling each other on the streets – troops have largely replaced the police to stem the protests.
Bujumbura mayor Juma Saidi warned in broadcasts on the weekend that “demonstrators will be considered as part of the coup, and security forces have been ordered to treat them as such”.
But there were also signs of weariness among some protesters, some of whom have been on the streets since late April.
“The people, we’re almost dying – there is no transport, there is no more money,” said Deogratias, aged 55, an artist. He said that while he supported protests, he wanted it organised so that people could still carry out day-to-day life and businesses.
More than 100 000 people have fled to neighbouring nations from political violence according to the UN.
Opposition and rights groups insist that Nkurunziza’s bid for a third five-year term is against the constitution and the terms of the peace deal that brought an end to the country’s 13-year long civil war in 2006.
Nkurunziza, a former rebel leader and born-again Christian who believes he has divine backing to lead the country, argues his first term did not count as he was elected by parliament, not directly by the people.
For the first time on Tuesday, foreign journalists were barred from reporting on one area of protests, in the capital’s Musaga district, with one policemen saying it was in the journalist’s “interest” as the “security was not ensured.”
Four key private radio stations were attacked and closed during the coup bid, and there is now virtually no independent media in the country, with government broadcasts relying presidential messages.
Several journalists, civil society members and leaders of the anti-third term protest have gone into hiding fearing arrest or attacks from government supporters.