Obama broadens mission in Afghanistan

President Barack Obama has quietly approved guidelines in recent weeks to allow the Pentagon to target Taliban fighters in Afghanistan, broadening previous plans that had limited the military to counter-terrorism missions against al-Qaeda after this year, US officials say.

The president’s decisions also allow the military to conduct air support for Afghan operations when needed, the officials said late on Friday. Obama issued the guidelines in recent weeks, as the American combat mission in Afghanistan draws to a close, thousands of troops return home, and the military prepares for narrower counter-terrorism and training mission for the next two years.

Obama’s moves expand on what had been previously planned for next year. One US official said the military could only go after the Taliban if it posed a threat to American forces or provided direct support to al-Qaeda, while the latter could be targeted more indiscriminately.

“To the extent that Taliban members directly threaten the United States and coalition forces in Afghanistan or provide direct support to al-Qaeda, however, we will take appropriate measures to keep Americans safe,” the official said.

The Taliban’s presence in Afghanistan far exceeds that of al-Qaeda, adding significance to Obama’s authorisation. The president’s decision came in response to requests from military commanders who wanted troops to be allowed to continue to battle the Taliban, the US officials said.

The New York Times first reported the new guidelines. Officials confirmed details to The Associated Press on the condition of anonymity because they were not authorised to discuss Obama’s decisions by name.

The decision to expand the military’s authority does not impact the overall number of US troops that will remain in Afghanistan. Earlier this year, Obama ordered the American force presence to be cut to 9 800 by the end of this year, a figure expected to be cut in half by the end of 2015.

The president wants all US troops to be out of Afghanistan a year later, as his presidency draws to a close.

Some of the Obama administration’s planning for the post-2014 mission was slowed by a political stalemate in Afghanistan earlier this year. It took months for the winner of the country’s presidential election to be certified, delaying the signing of a bilateral security agreement that was necessary in order to keep US forces in the country after December.

In Kabul, officials with the Afghan defence ministry declined to comment Saturday, while officials with the presidency could not be reached.

However, Afghan military analyst Jawed Kohistani said the move likely would be welcomed as President Ashraf Ghani’s new administration upon taking office immediately signed a deal with the US to allow a residual force of 12 000 foreign troops in the country.

“We have heard from many military officers who are involved in direct fighting with the Taliban and other insurgents that still there is a need for more cooperation, there is need for an ongoing US combat mission and there is need for US air support for the Afghan security forces to help them in their fight against the insurgents,” Kohistani said.

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